“Landscapes” come in different shapes and sizes: mountainous areas, drylands, forests, coastal areas, watersheds, and many more. They are always changing, and so are the strategies of the people living in them. Growing pressures on the land lead to competing claims for resources, within and between communities of farmers, pastoralists and forest dwellers, but also increasingly from pressure by larger external forces including expanding cities, tourism, mining and agro-industries.
Family farmers, pastoralists and forest communities depend on their landscapes for food, fuel, fodder, timber, medicines and more. For many rural communities, landscapes also have cultural and religious significance. Yet, these communities are often excluded from land governance structures, natural resource management and policy development.
In recent years, landscape approaches or territorial approaches have gained popularity as tools to enable researchers, policy makers, NGOs, activists, private sector players and rural communities to better understand the multiple functions of landscapes and the…
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